## Zodiacal Light 2019

In this year of 2019, the best dates and times for observing the zodiacal light are listed below. The sky must be very clear with little or no light pollution. The specific times listed are for Dodgeville, Wisconsin.

 2019 Begin End Direction Tue. Jan. 22 6:39 p.m. 7:03 p.m. West Wed. Jan. 23 6:40 p.m. 7:40 p.m. West Thu. Jan. 24 6:41 p.m. 7:41 p.m. West Fri. Jan. 25 6:42 p.m. 7:42 p.m. West Sat. Jan. 26 6:43 p.m. 7:43 p.m. West Sun. Jan. 27 6:44 p.m. 7:44 p.m. West Mon. Jan. 28 6:45 p.m. 7:45 p.m. West Tue. Jan. 29 6:46 p.m. 7:46 p.m. West Wed. Jan. 30 6:48 p.m. 7:48 p.m. West Thu. Jan. 31 6:49 p.m. 7:49 p.m. West Fri. Feb. 1 6:50 p.m. 7:50 p.m. West Sat. Feb. 2 6:51 p.m. 7:51 p.m. West Sun. Feb. 3 6:52 p.m. 7:52 p.m. West Mon. Feb. 4 6:53 p.m. 7:53 p.m. West Tue. Feb. 5 6:55 p.m. 7:55 p.m. West Wed. Feb. 6 7:09 p.m. 7:56 p.m. West Thu. Feb. 21 7:14 p.m. 8:14 p.m. West Fri. Feb. 22 7:15 p.m. 8:15 p.m. West Sat. Feb. 23 7:16 p.m. 8:16 p.m. West Sun. Feb. 24 7:17 p.m. 8:17 p.m. West Mon. Feb. 25 7:19 p.m. 8:19 p.m. West Tue. Feb. 26 7:20 p.m. 8:20 p.m. West Wed. Feb. 27 7:21 p.m. 8:21 p.m. West Thu. Feb. 28 7:22 p.m. 8:22 p.m. West Fri. Mar. 1 7:23 p.m. 8:23 p.m. West Sat. Mar. 2 7:25 p.m. 8:25 p.m. West Sun. Mar. 3 7:26 p.m. 8:26 p.m. West Mon. Mar. 4 7:27 p.m. 8:27 p.m. West Tue. Mar. 5 7:28 p.m. 8:28 p.m. West Wed. Mar. 6 7:30 p.m. 8:30 p.m. West Thu. Mar. 7 7:31 p.m. 8:31 p.m. West Fri. Mar. 8 8:01 p.m. 8:32 p.m. West Fri. Mar. 22 8:50 p.m. 9:24 p.m. West Sat. Mar. 23 8:52 p.m. 9:52 p.m. West Sun. Mar. 24 8:53 p.m. 9:53 p.m. West Mon. Mar. 25 8:54 p.m. 9:54 p.m. West Tue. Mar. 26 8:56 p.m. 9:56 p.m. West Wed. Mar. 27 8:57 p.m. 9:57 p.m. West Thu. Mar. 28 8:59 p.m. 9:59 p.m. West Fri. Mar. 29 9:00 p.m. 10:00 p.m. West Sat. Mar. 30 9:01 p.m. 10:01 p.m. West Sun. Mar. 31 9:03 p.m. 10:03 p.m. West Mon. Apr. 1 9:04 p.m. 10:04 p.m. West Tue. Apr. 2 9:06 p.m. 10:06 p.m. West Wed. Apr. 3 9:07 p.m. 10:07 p.m. West Thu. Apr. 4 9:09 p.m. 10:09 p.m. West Fri. Apr. 5 9:10 p.m. 10:10 p.m. West Sat. Apr. 6 9:12 p.m. 10:12 p.m. West Sun. Apr. 7 10:03 p.m. 10:13 p.m. West Thu. Aug. 29 3:39 a.m. 4:39 a.m. East Fri. Aug. 30 3:40 a.m. 4:40 a.m. East Sat. Aug. 31 3:42 a.m. 4:42 a.m. East Sun. Sep. 1 3:43 a.m. 4:43 a.m. East Mon. Sep. 2 3:45 a.m. 4:45 a.m. East Tue. Sep. 3 3:46 a.m. 4:46 a.m. East Wed. Sep. 4 3:48 a.m. 4:48 a.m. East Thu. Sep. 5 3:49 a.m. 4:49 a.m. East Fri. Sep. 6 3:50 a.m. 4:50 a.m. East Sat. Sep. 7 3:52 a.m. 4:52 a.m. East Sun. Sep. 8 3:53 a.m. 4:53 a.m. East Mon. Sep. 9 3:55 a.m. 4:55 a.m. East Tue. Sep. 10 3:56 a.m. 4:56 a.m. East Wed. Sep. 11 3:57 a.m. 4:57 a.m. East Thu. Sep. 12 4:52 a.m. 4:59 a.m. East Fri. Sep. 27 5:11 a.m. 5:18 a.m. East Sat. Sep. 28 4:19 a.m. 5:19 a.m. East Sun. Sep. 29 4:20 a.m. 5:20 a.m. East Mon. Sep. 30 4:21 a.m. 5:21 a.m. East Tue. Oct. 1 4:23 a.m. 5:23 a.m. East Wed. Oct. 2 4:24 a.m. 5:24 a.m. East Thu. Oct. 3 4:25 a.m. 5:25 a.m. East Fri. Oct. 4 4:26 a.m. 5:26 a.m. East Sat. Oct. 5 4:27 a.m. 5:27 a.m. East Sun. Oct. 6 4:29 a.m. 5:29 a.m. East Mon. Oct. 7 4:30 a.m. 5:30 a.m. East Tue. Oct. 8 4:31 a.m. 5:31 a.m. East Wed. Oct. 9 4:32 a.m. 5:32 a.m. East Thu. Oct. 10 4:33 a.m. 5:33 a.m. East Fri. Oct. 11 4:43 a.m. 5:34 a.m. East Sat. Oct. 26 4:51 a.m. 5:19 a.m. East Sun. Oct. 27 4:53 a.m. 5:53 a.m. East Mon. Oct. 28 4:54 a.m. 5:54 a.m. East Tue. Oct. 29 4:55 a.m. 5:55 a.m. East Wed. Oct. 30 4:56 a.m. 5:56 a.m. East Thu. Oct. 31 4:57 a.m. 5:57 a.m. East Fri. Nov. 1 4:58 a.m. 5:58 a.m. East Sat. Nov. 2 4:59 a.m. 5:59 a.m. East Sun. Nov. 3 4:01 a.m. 5:01 a.m. East Mon. Nov. 4 4:02 a.m. 5:02 a.m. East Tue. Nov. 5 4:03 a.m. 5:03 a.m. East Wed. Nov. 6 4:04 a.m. 5:04 a.m. East Thu. Nov. 7 4:05 a.m. 5:05 a.m. East Fri. Nov. 8 4:06 a.m. 5:06 a.m. East Sat. Nov. 9 4:07 a.m. 5:07 a.m. East Sun. Nov. 10 4:34 a.m. 5:08 a.m. East Sun. Nov. 24 4:23 a.m. 4:27 a.m. East Mon. Nov. 25 4:24 a.m. 5:24 a.m. East Tue. Nov. 26 4:25 a.m. 5:25 a.m. East Wed. Nov. 27 4:26 a.m. 5:26 a.m. East Thu. Nov. 28 4:27 a.m. 5:27 a.m. East Fri. Nov. 29 4:28 a.m. 5:28 a.m. East Sat. Nov. 30 4:29 a.m. 5:29 a.m. East Sun. Dec. 1 4:30 a.m. 5:30 a.m. East Mon. Dec. 2 4:31 a.m. 5:31 a.m. East Tue. Dec. 3 4:32 a.m. 5:32 a.m. East Wed. Dec. 4 4:33 a.m. 5:33 a.m. East Thu. Dec. 5 4:34 a.m. 5:34 a.m. East Fri. Dec. 6 4:35 a.m. 5:35 a.m. East Sat. Dec. 7 4:35 a.m. 5:35 a.m. East Sun. Dec. 8 4:36 a.m. 5:36 a.m. East Mon. Dec. 9 4:37 a.m. 5:37 a.m. East Tue. Dec. 10 5:29 a.m. 5:38 a.m. East

The best nights to observe the zodiacal light at mid-northern latitudes occur when the ecliptic plane intersects the horizon at an angle of 60° or steeper. The dates above were chosen on that basis, with the Sun at least 18° below the horizon and the Moon below the horizon being used to calculate the times. An interval of time of one hour either before morning twilight or after evening twilight was chosen arbitrarily because it is the “best one hour” for observing the zodiacal light. The zodiacal light cone will be brightest and will reach highest above the horizon when the Sun is 18° below the horizon (astronomical twilight), but no less.

If you are interested in calculating the angle the ecliptic makes with your horizon for any date and time, you can use the following formula:

$\cos I = \cos \varepsilon \sin \phi-\sin \varepsilon \cos \phi \sin \theta$

where I is the angle between the ecliptic and the horizon, ε is  the obliquity of the ecliptic, φ is the latitude of the observer, and θ is the local sidereal time (the right ascension of objects on the observer's meridian at the time of observation).

Here’s a SAS program I wrote to do these calculations:

References
Meeus, J. Astronomical Algorithms. 2nd ed., Willmann-Bell, 1998, p. 99.

## Office Blues

I’ve been in the work force for 38 years, and I have always had a cubicle with full-height partitions or an office of my own.  As a computer programmer, I’ve always needed to concentrate intensely for most of the work day.  That requires a certain amount of freedom from visual and auditory distractions.  I need to focus.

This week, the work environment I have had throughout my career is being taken away from me, forcibly, as it is for all of us where I work.  We had no input.  No explanation was given.  The decision was made at the highest levels of our company’s management.  We are moving to open office.

We still have cubicles—if you want to call them that—but no partition is higher than eye level when sitting in an office chair.  No more upper shelves, no more book shelves.  Only a work surface and a meager amount of drawer storage underneath.  No more physical barriers between rows.  Just one big, noisy, overilluminated room.  Everything and everyone exposed for all to see from anywhere in the room.

Speaking of illumination, as part of the office “improvements” they have also replaced the warm white fluorescent lights we have used for decades—with a correlated color temperature (CCT) around 3000 to 4000 K—with significantly brighter and bluer LED lights having a CCT of 4000 to 5000K or higher.  It provides a cold, harsh, clinical illumination, not at all like the natural daylight they are trying to emulate.  LEDs are, of course, readily available in the warmer color temperatures of 2700K to 4000K.

I am not alone.  Many of my coworkers—some much younger than me—do not like open office nor the bluer, brighter lights we now have to endure.

This just adds additional stress to an already stressful job.  When is management going to learn that one size does not fit all?

Anyone need a top-flight SAS programmer with good communication, mentoring, and teaching skills?